Expert Dentist Guide: Understanding Dental Erosion Causes and Treatment


Table of Contents

Dental erosion is the loss of tooth surface (enamel); this condition is caused by factors like:

Excessive Consumption of Drinks with High Acidic Content

Drinks like fruity juice, and alcohol with high acidic content tend to be more corrosive with teeth leading to the removal of the enamel, thus causing dental erosion.

Eating Sugary and Starchy Foods

Foods such as white bread, sugar, and crumbs from starchy food tends to stick between teeth line forming plaques that then erode the teeth cover, slow removal of the cover leads to dental erosion.

Dry Mouth

A condition that comes about due to low saliva production in an individual; in this state, the mouth produces acid and saliva. Being absent is not able to neutralize the pH of the acidity. The acids then react with the tooth enamel leading to dental erosion.


In some rare cases, the individual inherits genes of this condition from their parents. In this state, the individual inherits traits of dental erosion from parents, which affects them while aging.

Some individuals face gastrointestinal issues with their intestines most suffering from a geostrophic reflux disease where acid is refluxed during digestion, the acid emitted then corrodes with the tooth enamel leading to dental erosion.

Environmental Factors

There are different types of environmental factors that lead to wear and tear mostly from the friction and corrosion; attrition is caused from the natural teeth to teeth grinding that leads to erosion from friction produced, abrasion is caused by the hard brushing and flossing of teeth which physically wears off the teeth surface, corrosion occurs when the teeth surface react with any acidic content.

Eating Disorders

Conditions like bulimia which disrupt the digestive system and exposes the teeth to intestinal acids. Intake of food with excessive acids like vitamin c leads to erosion due to the reaction of the tooth surface and the food in the mouth.

Idiopathic Erosion

This is when the cause of dental erosion cannot be determined by both scientific and clinical methods. However, working with expert dentist Brooklyn services enables you to treat this form of erosion easily.

Signs and Symptoms of Dental Erosion

Teeth Sensitivity

In the early stage of erosion, some pain is felt around the affected teeth.


This happens when the enamel is removed, leaving dentin exposed; the teeth lose their color in parts affected by erosion.


At this stage, an individual notices the cusps that appear on the surface of the teeth; mostly indentations are seen on molars and premolars.

Cracks and Chips

The surfaces of teeth start to crack, forming irregular shapes on the ages of teeth.

Increased Tooth Decay

An individual notices a rise in the rotting of teeth; this happens due to the exposure of the inner dentin, making teeth vulnerable to erosion then decay.

Fractured Teeth

Removal of the hard tooth surface makes teeth weak, making them easily fracture.

Shiny Spots on Teeth

This appears in patches on the points where dental erosion has occurred.

Treatment of Dental Erosion

Fluoride Application

This can be done by the frequent brushing of teeth with fluoridated paste or the direct application of fluorides by dentists either through filings or treatment.


Those individuals affected with external factors of abrasion are advised to visit dentists for advice on suitable filings.

Teeth Bonding

This is a process of restoration treatment where the orthodontist tries to restore eroded teeth to its former state with a hardcover surface.

Observing Proper Dental Health

Practicing oral hygiene works as an effective preventive method for tooth erosion.

Use Of Teeth Covers

Using temporal teeth covers, for instance, individuals affected by bruxism wear teeth guards while sleeping to avoid the grinding of teeth, leading to attrition.

Proper Use And Maintenance Of Dentures

Correct use of dentures keep them in their original state, and proper cleaning removes stuck plaque, reducing chances of teeth erosion.

Avoiding Acid Impact

Keeping away from acids highly corrosive with tooth surface, helps reduce the chances of dental erosion through corrosion.

Proper Brushing And Flossing

Appropriate and regular brushing of teeth after every meal helps prevent dental erosion by keeping teeth clean and free of plaque.

Enamel Restoration

Dental erosion caused by gastro reflux can be treated by the restoration of the vertical dimension of eroded surfaces; this involves the building of surfaces in resin composite without cavity preparation.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, dental erosion can be caused by both extrusive and intrusive factors, proper oral health, and regular visits to the expert “dentist Brooklyn” helps remedy the condition.

Author: nearmedental

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